Activity Report

Apr 11, 2016

Achievement Test of Mushroom Cultivation Training was carried out

Mushroom Cultivation training is the one of GEJ (Good Earth Japan)’s Agricultural Training Program for farmers who live on the post minefield and for them to become independent.

As already announced, this year, the Mushroom Cultivation Training have been in motion at four villages of Bosampor, Chirok, Ou Tanhean and Phnom Khpos in Battambang Province.
It was reported in the previous activity report that the training program was near to the goal successfully and many Mushrooms have been harvested, and even Mushroom Field day was celebrated getting more than 150 farmers from the said villages.

But it is not final of the training program by GEJ and PDA (Provincial Department of Agriculture). GEJ and PDA have tested the individual farmers to confirm their understanding of the instructions and practice which had been given during the training.

To measure the understanding and actual practice of Mushroom Cultivation Training;
1. Evaluation of the actual Mushroom bedding by Instructors of PDA
  Preparation of rice straws, water sprinkling, temperature control etc. were evaluated
2. Measure the understanding of methods of Mushroom Cultivation by paper test
  How to prepare the beddings (preparation and procedure for Vinyl house and Outdoor methods),
  plantation of Spores, maintenance of bedding, method of harvesting etc.

Based on the results of examination, GEJ and PDA shall improve the teaching methods, and use those information for the follow up activities to be followed.

1. Phnom Khpos village











Paper Test: They were very serious          Grading by Instructors











Outdoor: Little bit early?

2. Ou Tanhean village











Outdoor cultivation: How they come?          Passed?

3. Bosampor village











Paper Test: Cheating?                    Vinyl house: Good result?











Outdoor cultivation                      Own developed bedding using Drainpipes

4. Chirok village











Vinyl house cultivation                   Outdoor cultivation

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Apr 4, 2016

Please look at. So many Mushrooms grown!

The Mushroom Cultivation Training which is the one of Agricultural Training Program being carrying out in cooperation between GEJ (Good Earth Japan) and PDA (Provincial Department of Agriculture, Battambang) for helping farmers to become more independent is bearing fruit at every farmers participated.

Two activity reports concerning the training of follow-up and beginner cultivation farmers have been published on this Web site since the beginning of March. This time, the report with the photos of happiness of bloom on farmer faces and Mushrooms was sent to us.
Activities of producing Mushrooms bedding and planting Spores at four villages of Bosampor, Chirok, Ou Tanhean and Phnom Khpos have been started from March 9 and/or 10 under the instruction of Trainers of PDA.
Since then, farmers spent effort to sprinkle waters on those beddings of Mushrooms having the periodical supervisory visits by GEJ and PDA. About two weeks later, Mushrooms started to sprout everywhere on the beddings.
Please confirm the situation with the photos attached below.

Taking this opportunity, on March 25, farmers of about 150 from the all participated villages gathered at Bosampor village and celebrated the Mushrooms Field Day for observing the Mushroom Cultivation and discussion.

Furthermore, the crew of Cambodian nationwide television broadcasting network “Bayon TV” which have been following the activities of PDA and GEJ since a couple weeks ago, have also visited the Field Day and interviewed the farmers and Instructors.

1. Mushroom cultivation
Will review the outdoors and Vinyl House Cultivation.










Outdoors: Preparation of Bedding and planting Spores            Vinyl House: Bedding











Outdoors: Keep moisture of ridges            Vinyl House: Hypha is spreading











Outdoors: About 2 weeks later, Mushrooms appeared    Vinyl House: This is the same

2. Harvesting and Measuring (In case of Mr. Kok Tra of Bosampor village)











Use Knife and/or scissors for next sprout        Happy face of Mr. Kok Tra











Harvested 1 to 1.5 Kg per 0.5m2              This lady? Competing?

3. Interview by “Bayon TV”
Following is the some comments of Mr. Kok Tra when he was interviewed.;
  . It is the first time for me to cultivating “Mushrooms” and had fear of how can I.
But, I could overcome the problems by asking and consulting with the Instructors
time to time.
  .This kind of Agricultural Training Program is very good for us as it is resulting the benefit
to farmers as you can see. 
 . As the harvesting result is so good, myself and family members are very happy and satisfied.
 .Harvested about 4 to 5 Kgs per day.
 .If we bring them to market, they can be sold from 12,000 to 14,000 Riel (Approx. 3 to 3.5US$)
per Kg.  
 .Since March 22 when we started, we harvested approximately 20 Kgs. in total so far.









Interview to Mr. Kok Tra                  Interview to Instructors of PDA

4. Mushrooms Field Day
After the explanation of Mushroom Cultivation Program by Mr. Sambath of GEJ, Mr. Mony who is Deputy Director of PDA delivered the congratulations and thanks to his Instructors for their effort. The appreciation on the activities was expressed by the Chife of Snung commune.
During the session, the experience and troubles on the cultivation have been introduced by farmers who participated the program.
Finally, farmers and their family enjoyed the meals, and session was broken up.










Speech by Mr. Sambath of GEJ               Mr. Mony of PDA delivering congratulation











he appreciation was expressed by the Chife of Snung commune     Enjoying the meals

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Mar 11, 2016

Mushroom Cultivation Training is active

Mushroom Cultivation training is the one of GEJ(Good Earth Japan)’s Agricultural Training Program for farmers who live on the post minefield and has been established in the area.
This year, as explained in the previous activity report, four villages of Bosampor, Chirok, Ou Tanhean and Phnom Khpos are scheduled to be started. These villages had joined to receive Rice Cultivation training in last year and showed much interest on the Mushroom Cultivation, and asked strongly for it. Therefore, GEJ agreed to include them in this year program.
This time, villages of Bosampor, Chirok and Ou Tanhean have started. GEJ representative Mr. Sambath who joined to trainers from PDA (Provincial Department of Agricultural, Battambang Province) has reported the process how to prepare the Mushroom Spore Beds with photos as follows. Do you want to try too?
Due to the success stories from the farmers who started the cultivation in last year, as you can seen in the photos, the new farmers are well prepared and working very hard for preparation of the Mushroom Spores Beds.
Hope that the Mushroom Cultivation shall be successful and farmers can send many of Mushrooms to the market to earn some.
GEJ continue to support farmers who live on the post minefield to be more independent.

1. Chirok village
a. Vinyl house
The compost made by Rice Straws wet with plenty of water and organic fertilizer shall be placed on the shelves in the house. The compost shall be fumigated by steam. The compost of empty shells of peas shall be scattered on them and Mushroom Spores be planted.
Then water them every day controlling the temperature and humidity in the room.
About ten days later, the shoots of Mushrooms shall appear.











The compost be placed                   Steam shall be produced by drum boiler
b. Open field
Pillows of Rice Straws which are watered and soften by stepping by feet of farmer shall be made and put in order to make rows. Further watering and softening work shall be done and the compost of empty shells of peas shall be scattered and Mushroom Spores be planted on them.
The other layer of Pillows of Rice Straws shall be placed and cover them with dry Rice Straws. Next morning the surface Rice straws shall be burnt for killing ants and other insect.
Then, it shall be covered with thick layer of Rice Straws. The moisture of rows shall be maintained by watering.











Rice Straws made as Pillow                Put them in order to row











Mushroom Spores                      Planting Spores

2. Bosampor village
The training was formed into two classes.
This time, Vinyl House type method cultivation was reported.
The process of preparation is very similar to the one of Chirok village.
Many materials which can be found and gotten in the village easily are used for the Mushroom Spores Beds.











Preparation of straw shelves                Drum Boiler for steaming

3. Ou Tanhean village
The training was formed into two classes.
a. Class 1
Vinyl house and straw row methods were used.











Building Vinyl house                     Scattering composed shells of peas
b. Class 2
Vinyl house and straw row methods were used too.











Vinyl house and Drum Can Boiler            Preparing row of straw pillows

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Feb 25, 2016

Mushroom Cultivation Training for this year has started

The follow-up training at Villages of Boursankrea, Korsvay and Otakon where the Mushroom Cultivation Training had started in last year were conducted on February 23. Mr. Mony of PDA (Provincial Department of Agricultural) explained the further preparation of material and expressed the importance of non-agricultural chemicals.
During the session, the farmers who have been attending the training pointed out that the quality of Spore sold in the market are varied and it is necessary to check carefully when get them. The quality of Spore greatly affects to the growth and cause mal-taste of the Mushrooms.
Villagers already collected and piled the Rice Straws which is absolutely necessary to grow the Mushroom. The Rice Straws is used for thriving bed of Mushroom. Around this time of season, farmers tend to burn them as the fertilizer of their field. Therefore, it is very important to collect them before they disappear.
Further, other Villages like Ou Tanhean and Phnom Khpos have been visited in next day for explaining and inviting the Mushroom Cultivation Training by GEJ for this year. Mushroom Cultivation Training is the one of the important Agricultural Training support to the farmers who live on the post-mined field by GEJ activities in Cambodia. GEJ continue to support them to become more independent.
Question; You can find a dome like item in the picture of ridges of Rice Straw.
       It can be seen many at rural areas in Cambodia. What is this?
      The answer is "Charcoal kiln".











Follow-up Training (1)                   Follow-up Training (2)












Collected Rice Straws(1)                  Collected Rice Straws(2)












Explanation of Muchroom Cultivation Training(1)   Explanation of Mushroom Cultivation Training(2)

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Jan 23, 2016

The dormitory for Teachers of Slab Pang Primary School has completed

Further to the activity report dated December 3, 2015, the construction work of the dormitory for teachers of Slab Pang Primary School has completed and teachers are started to move in to the dormitory.

The Slab Pang HCM(Hitachi Construction Machinery Co., Ltd.) Primary School was established 2008 and about 90 students are attending and studying there. However, due to no dormitory for 4 teachers, they had to share the dormitory at neighboring schools individually and to commute long distance to the school. As the road and transportation condition of there is not well established, they had very tough time to commute between them.

The construction work was started with the fund based on the donation from three group companies of HCM including Hitachi Construction Machinery Tierra Co., Ltd., and has completed successfully recently.
Thanks to contributors, the hope of villagers is realized, and teachers are looking forward to concentrating the teaching work.

GEJ continue to make effort to support the children who hold the future of Cambodia in their hands.
Your continued support to GEJ shall be highly appreciated.











Primary school & Dormitory(far back)         Dormitory












Commemoration Plaque                 Rain Water Pots for living supply














Inspection before the completion           Group photo

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Dec 22, 2015

New road (3.4Km) of Otakon Village has been completed

It was reported by the Representative of GEJ in Cambodia that the construction work of 3.4 Km distance living road and reservoir at Otakon Village have been completed.
The old road was easily covered by flooded water and became muddy in rainy season, and became rough road by wheel tracks and others in dry season. These were affected daily life of villagers and were forced their living very tough.
Villagers are happy with this completion as this will greatly improve their daily activities and contribute to the economy growth. The reservoir will help to prevent the new road be flooded and irrigate the farmland.










Old road (November, 2013)                New road (Under construction)









New road (Under construction)             New road (Under construction)











New road been completed










Reservoir (Under construction)             Reservoir (Completed)

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Dec 3, 2015

Construction of dormitory for teachers at Slabpang Primary School

GEJ’s activities are supported by many warmhearted donators and members.
GEJ has recently received a donation from Hitachi Construction Machinery Tierra Co., Ltd., who is one of GEJ corporate members, as a part of their CSR activities, to make good use of the fund for villagers who are living in post-mine area.
After consultation with GEJ partners in Cambodia, GEJ has chosen to construct a dormitory for teachers at Slabpang Primary School.












         ◆Foundation work for a dormitory at Slabpang Primary School.◆

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Nov 27, 2015

Increased yield of rice farming, after switching to transplant of seedling

Now it is a time to harvest rice in Bosampor village where GEJ training started this year. Training was to switch to transplanting of seedling in a row with spaces, from traditional direct seeding. Though hard work to remove weed and spray home-made repellent, facing with long drought, farmer’s efforts bore fruits by following trainer’s instructions. Yield is far better, 5 tons per hectare.











◆Villagers gathered to confirm outcome◆   ◆Cutting rice straw with pleasure◆

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Nov 4, 2015

Chicken farming, one of important energy source of villagers

GEJ has started the training of chicken farming at Phnom Khpos village from this year.
Thanks to the training, number of chickens being raised has increased significantly.
Today’s assembly is to confirm the outcome.
Total 33 farmers assembled.












◆Speech from village chief◆ 

GEJ starts the event like this from a review of training in a class room. Firstly, a trainer reported the outcome.
"Total numbers of chicken were 223 before training, now after 6 months, total is 530.
Important factors to achieve good outcome are vaccination, cleanliness of chicken house and food control."
This is the fruit of GEJ training. 。












◆Class room review by trainer◆ 

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Oct 30, 2015

Visit to successful chicken farmer in neighbor village

Farmers of Phnom Khpos village visited a chicken farmer in Cherry village, Battambang City.
Total 25 families participated in this visit.

















◆Location of Phnom Khpos village◆        ◆Well-grown chickens, Amazing !◆

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Oct 28, 2015

New rice growing method at Bosampor village

GEJ agriculture training has been carried on in cooperation with Provincial Department of Agriculture,Battambang.
New method, SRI (System of Rice Intensification), is adopted to increase a yield in the rice training at Basampor.

What is SRI ? Basic method is :
◆ Selection of good paddies and grow healthy seedling.
◆ Make rich soil by organic matter, and let soil contain enough air.
◆ Keep appropriate water in ground for growth of rice roots and activity of soil microbe.
Transplanting of rice seedling with regular spaces is important as well.











◆Seedling bed◆                   ◆Mixing soil with water & air by cultivator◆



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Oct 27, 2015

Villagers rehabilitate the road by themselves independently

GEJ continues to support villagers to rebuild their livelihood.
GEJ’s support is not only developing infrastructure itself such as building roads but also providing periodical training for villagers to perform maintenance work by themselves.
Villagers are getting accustomed themselves to doing.
Followings are activity report of restoration work on Japanese Government Road.












◆Now starting restoration work◆         ◆Filling damaged part with new material◆



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Oct 26, 2015

Important follow-up training, Home vegetable gardening

GEJ visit villager’s homes to do the follow-up after agricultural training.
Home vegetable gardening is important for villagers not only to eat but also to get income by selling them at the market when plenty of harvest.
This is the report at the time of visit to Trepeankhbarsuva village.
Growth of vegetable at the most of farmers are good, but some of farmers were not so good due to damages by insect pest.
Trainer gives immediate on-site training to spray home-made repellent.












◆Harvesting with smiles◆                ◆Checking insect pest ◆



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Oct 19, 2015

Frequent weeding, Home-made weed-killer

GEJ’s training covers not only farming method but also weeding and making weed-killer.
Training to plant seeds on a line with a regular space is to reduce time consumption to remove weeds and give rice better ventilation.
GEJ trains how to make home-made weed-killer instead of using chemicals which may be bad for our health, because there are many goods of poor quality.











◆Schooling for weed-killer◆               ◆Training to make home-made one◆   Read More

Oct 15, 2015

Countermeasures against road damages from flooding

In rainy season, farm roads in Battanban Province are often damaged due to floods.
GEJ has received the request for preventive measures against flood damages.
After field check and finding spots where need to be improved, installation of Culvert has been decided to flow water into irrigation canal.












◆Preparation to install culvert◆            ◆Completed culvert◆   Read More

Oct 13, 2015

For potential new income source of villagers, GEJ starts new grain farming

GEJ has decided to start trial farming of new agricultural product in Cambodia in addition to the trainings for rice, vegetable, mushroom and chicken farming, aiming for new income source for villagers.
This trial farming is to produce foxtail and proso millet, according to the plan of “Hakubaku Co., Ltd.” who is the leading Kokumotsu (various grains) Company in Japan, at one each farmer in Slabpang/Otakon villages and a pilot farm of CMAC CDC (Community Development Centre).

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Oct 9, 2015

GEJ Agriculture Training contribute toward improvement of living standard

Below shows rice farming training at Chirok village, where GEJ started the training this year,and remarks from two villagers who have participated in the training.












◆Rice field using the trained method◆      ◆Pulling out the weed◆  Read More

Sep 16, 2015

Thanks to GEJ Chicken Raising Training

Interview with 2 farmers who participated GEJ training in Phnom Khpos.

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Sep 15, 2015

GEJ started chicken raising training at Phnom Khpos village.

This is a report of chicken raising training at Phnom Khpos village where GEJ’s activity has started from this year, in cooperation with Battambang Provincial Department of Agriculture.












◆◆Classroom Training◆◆        ◆◆After training, 10 piece baby chicken
                                were presented to all families participated◆◆

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Aug 25, 2015

Visit to Mine Field

On 10th August, GEJ Study Tour Members visited mine field where CMAC (Cambodian Mine Action Centre) staff were working to clear mines. Due to the road condition, transferring to powerful truck from the bus was necessary to reach the site.













◆Truck to go to mine field◆          ◆Visit of mine field with protector◆



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Aug 24, 2015

Agriculture training to farmers is most important GEJ activity

GEJ Study Tour members have visited a model farmer and experienced mushroom raising on August 09.
Model farmer is Mrs. Touch Seiha.
Interview with her :
「I have moved to here from O Ta Ki village in 2009. I am renting 2,000 land, but rent fee is free in exchange of land maintenance work, thanks to the land owner.
I have participated GEJ’s agriculture training since 2013, and mushroom training since 2014.
I started mushroom growth with my sister-in-law and now total 3 persons including daughter-in-law are working.
I have harvested 180kg of mushroom so far this year, and income was US$500.
I would like to recall my sons who are working in Thailand and grow agricultural products together.
My wish is to buy this land from the owner in future by working hard. GEJ’s continuing training is highly appreciated.」
Yes, GEJ will continue support so that she can achieve her wish.
Study Tour Members experienced bed making of mushroom spore.
We have received a report from her a few weeks later that she harvested 3.5kg of mushroom from the bed.












◆Mrs. Seiha (first from the left)◆           ◆Rice straw is essential for spore bed◆


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Aug 24, 2015

Sanitary training at GEJ Prey Preal Primary School.

NACEF (the Nursing Action for Children’s Energetic Future) which is a volunteer circle of Japanese.
Red Cross College of Nursing and GEJ conducted sanitary training jointly at GEJ Prey Preal School.
NACEF staff has been visiting Cambodia every year to conduct health advice and education at Orphans’ homes and primary schools in the country. This year, 15 staffs of NACEF have visited.




>







◆Training by using various pictures◆   ◆“Open your mouth widely!”◆

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Aug 21, 2015

Present from Japan to Slab pang Hitachi Kenki Primary School.

Present from Japan to Hitachi Kenki Slab pang Primary School.
We have delivered “Toothbrush set” by using a donation from Hatsukari Primary School in Otsuki City, Yamanashi Prefecture. This donation money is from the sale of collected aluminum cans by Hatsukari student. This is in addition to a library delivered in March, 2015 by utilizing donation money from Hitachi Kenki Labor Union. 。












  ◆Hatsukari Student collecting cans◆            ◆Library delivered in March, 2015.◆

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Aug 21, 2015

GEJ study tour members participated in Field Day (Agriculture Festival)

GEJ organized Field Day in Tomnuttakun village on August 08, 2015 and study tour members joined to celebrate harvest crops.
Total assembly was about 300 people including guests.
A crop fair as well as on-the-spot sale were done at the site. It was a great occasion.
Prizes (Gold, Silver, Copper), plastic net for farming, were prepared for a crop fair for each villages.
GEJ study tour members made rice cakes, HOC (Hope of Children, home of orphans, operated by Japanese) served hamburgers.
Everybody enjoyed with Cambodian songs, dance by HOC & NACEF staff.
It was a friendly contact with villagers who are living in post-mine-cleared area.
GEJ continue to support those people by conducting agriculture training and building infrastructure.












◆Villagers & guests◆                 ◆Presentation of awards◆  Read More

May 29, 2015

Share happiness at Field Day (agriculture festival)

GEJ organized Field Day in Otakang village to share happiness of mushroom harvest.











◆Villagers coming to festival site◆         ◆Looking good result!◆                


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May 18, 2015

Participating GEJ agriculture training in Ou Tan hean village

First training was held in the village with attendance of total 52 families (Please refer to the report of May 15 in regards to the location).
Training in new villages starts with questionnaires to participants to understand current method.
In cooperation with Provincial Department of Agriculture, Battanban.
Attendants listens very carefully.











◆First experience to answer questionaires◆               


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May 15, 2015

Geographical area of GEJ activities is expanding

Agriculture training area is new 4 villages in 2015.
GEJ has started trainings in new 3 villages firstly, which are Chirok, Phnom Khpos and Bosampor, and then in Ou Tan hean a little later.
GEJ start from the orientation meeting with villagers to explain the way of trainings.
GEJ listen to villagers opinion always. Two-way communication is a key.

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May 8, 2015

Wishing more yield, Looking forward to participating GEJ follow-up training !

Interviewed with 3 participants in the successful mushroom growth tour.
All 3 participants have same expectation “ More Harvest ! “.
Some issues were raised, how to obtain water in flat land with no river nearby.
Construction of “ Water Reservoir “, one of GEJ’s activities in Cambodia, is to meet farmers requirement.
Comments from 3 participants.
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May 7, 2015

Study about successful mushroom growth

In 2014, Agriculture training has started in 3 new villages, Buoursankrea, Korsvay & Otakang.
Farmers visited neighboring village, Prey Dach, to see successful mushroom growth. ● From Buorsankrea 38 families
● From Korsvay 29 families
● From Otakang 44 families
Total 111 farmers participated.
This tour is a part of GEJ training program to spark their enthusiasm.
  Read More